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This book provides a detailed and comprehensive introduction to situational analysis of qualitative data. Adele E Clarke personally created the situational. Adele E. Clarke – University of California – San Francisco, USA; Carrie Friese – London The Second Edition of Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the . UPCOMING SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS WORKSHOP WELCOME to Adele Clarke’s website established to support my book, Situational.

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The reinvention of nature pp.

Situational Analysis

What is my point? The challenging task to perform this kind of analysis is to appropriately layout the size, locations, intersections of the social worlds within one arena that also means that each map is supposed to look different.

Her emphasis on contradictions is crucial here: Obviously, it would be unfair to call this an ordered map; on the contrary, it is consciously kept messy as “too much order provokes premature closure, a particular hazard with grounded theory” p.

Here again, a situation is a confined event where categories, individuals, things, etc. Der methodologische Standort des Symbolischen Interaktionismus. This, again, is retraceable to the pragmatists’ assumption that the way things are done by groups enables us to make claims on collective ways of wituational. On the contrary, CLARKE’s very idea is to use maps in order to provoke new ideas, to help the adeel to interpret the field differently and more deeply.

In Donna Haraway Ed. For the purpose of this essay, however, it is important to know that CLARKE is explicitly following the STRAUSSian vision, because this strategy, so her argument goes, is the one that because of its roots in pragmatism has always looked around the postmodern turn in the road.

The companion species manifesto: It is more important to note that maps like these not only grasp the range of positions, but also capture what is not articulated; this may then provide a key to understanding the nature of the situation.

The classification system for an ordered version of situational maps [ 15 ]. After method—Mess in social science research. The following five chapters are more practical, explaining how to create the three kinds of maps, especially in the last three chapters: What are patterns of collective commitment and what are the salient social worlds operating here?


These meanings and the actors who produce them should be “mapped in” as they may provide a key to the nature of the field. This possibly allows the researcher “to articulate doubts and complexities where heretofore things had appeared ‘unnaturally’ pat, sure, and simple” CLARKE, p.

Situational Analysis

As stated above, STRAUSS’ innovation was to expand symbolic interactionism from focussing micro-events to also analysing its conditions. So far, it should have become clear that situational maps are the ones that grasp all elements present in the situation and that these should be mapped in a rough and dirty way in order to represent the field’s messiness.

More importantly, this kind of situational analysis would also fit with what interactionist thinkers and HARAWAY seem to have meant when they emphasise the importance of considering the situation. Furthermore, the technique of relational analysis is meant to reflect on the quality of relationships between the single elements.

His essential thesis was that personality and social action are formed through symbols—i. The Qualitative Report13 3 While I do not disagree with this very sympathetic plea for more modest research and self-reflective science, I now wish to specifically focus on two points about which I have reservations.

What are their perspectives and what do they hope to achieve through their collective action? I did not constantly emphasise, as she does throughout her book, that situational analysis is a method which can expand grounded theory. Open, axial, theoretical coding, sampling techniques, memoing, and systematic comparisons should not be dismissed; rather grounded theory should be enlarged in order sktuational represent the field’s messiness.

Abstract Situational Analysis presents an iteration of Grounded Theory that incorporates the construction of a series of illustrative maps, conceptualizes a situation as inclusive of what usually has been considered context, and explicitly adelle systematically includes sithational or otherwise silenced data. By drawing on actor-network theory and its basic assumption that semiotics and materiality must be analysed symmetrically, and both human actors and non-human actants have agency, she suggests using “the situation as the locus of analysis and explicitly includ[e] all analytically pertinent nonhuman including technical elements along with the human in situational maps” p.

Her suggestion is to construct a model on the nature of the field by using grounded theory in order to later deconstruct it—or at least incorporate heterogeneities, complexities, contradictions, etc. Positional Maps are designed to grasp the sites of the stated and, more importantly, the situstional positions taken in the field.


With situational analysis, Adele CLARKE delivers both a methodology and a method that would push grounded theory around the postmodern turn. The latter packed society into the four A-G-I-L boxes. A social worlds perspective.

It isn’t necessary” p. Even though the presentation of CLARKE’s three suggested maps was certainly rudimentary, I hope to have made clear what the essential intention of her project is: FOUCAULT’s work on the panopticon or the medical gaze, for example, used an accusatory language that basically showed how non-innocent the world is.

In this review essay, I have almost exclusively focussed on epistemological backgrounds of grounded theory, the new roots CLARKE wishes to insert into these and the layout and idea of the three maps.

Secondly, with this method she hopes that social scientists will allow themselves to be surprised by their own data and become researchers who reflect more on the categories that they have constructed and are more modest in their claims.

“Research/Therapy: A Review of Adele Clarke’s Situational Analysis: Gro” by Daniel P. Wulff

Original volume and issue number from The Qualitative Weeklyan offshoot publication of The Qualitative Report which has been folded into the primary journal: Moreover, through comparisons, theoretical sampling, memos and other techniques, research processes have facilitated more transparency and, therefore, less arbitrariness.

Who and what matters in this situation? It allows the researcher to make claims on interactions and power-relations and also includes actors that might have other perspectives. What is made invisible when we do not map them in? This review comments on how these attributes of situational analysis can also effectively inform the practice of family therapy.

Studies in Symbolic Interaction1 Quantifying Quality and Qualifying Quantity. Objectivist and constructivist methods. This also enables interpretation of data more ahalysis or precipitates stumbling across ethnographic sequences that seem strange in comparison to the anticipated practices of the social world.

I will go into this point in more detail below.