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Escrito clandestinamente de a , o manuscrito de O arquipélago Gulag foi descoberto pelo KGB em , na sequência da prisão de Elizabeth. This Page is automatically generated based on what Facebook users are interested in, and not affiliated with or endorsed by anyone associated with the topic. : ARQUIPÉLAGO DE GULAG. Volume I: 1 vol. de [2] pp. Ilustrado. Tradução de Francisco A. Ferreira, Maria M. Llistó, José A. Seabra.

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Learned jurists were sup- posed to coordinate the branches of the law, but they were not particularly energetic at it, nor particularly successful either. This steady pulse of decrees df to a curious national pattern of violations and crimes.

The entire Soviet Union would be in a turmoil of rape gupag, or mur- der alone, or samogon distilling alone, each in its tum-in sensi- tive reaction to the latest government decree.

Each particular crime or violation seemed somehow to be playing into the hands of the latest decree so that it would disappear from the scene that much faster!

The Gulag Archipelago in three volumes

At that precise moment, the particular crime which had just been foreseen, and for which wise new legislation had just provided stricter punishment, would explode simultaneously everywhere.

The Decree on the militarization of railroads crowded the military tribunals with the women and adolescents who did most of the work on the railroads during the war years and who, having received no barracks training beforehand, were those mostly in- volved in delays and violations. Whereas previously their cases had required a trial, based on the article of the Code relating to “economic counterrevolu- tion,” now it was enough to produce a collective farm decree confirmed by the District Executive Committee.

And even then these collective farmers, although they were sent into exile, must have been relieved to know that they were not listed as enemies of the people.

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The obligatory norm of “labor days” was different in different areas, the easiest of all being among the peoples of the Caucasus-seventy-five “labor days” a year; but despite that, many of them were also sent off to Krasnoyarsk Province for eight years.

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As we have said, we are not going to go into a lengthy and lavish examination of the waves of nonpolitical offenders and common criminals. But, having reachedwe cannot remain silent about one of the most grandiose of Stalin’s decrees. We have already mentioned the famous law of “Seven-Eight” or “Seven-eighths,” on the basis of which they arrested people right and left-for taking a stalk of grain, a cucumber, two small potatoes, a chip of wood, a spool of thread-all of whom got ten years.

And so again, in complete dis- regard of the Code, and totally overlooking the fact that many different articles and decrees on the subject of thefts and rob- beries already existed, on June 4,a decree was issued which outdid them all.

It was instantly christened “Four-sixths” by the undismayed prisoners. The advantages of the new decree lay first of aU in its newness. From the very moment it appeared, a torrent of the crimes it specified would be bound to burst forth, thereby providing an abundant wave of newly sentenced prisoners.

But it offered an In the actual documents of the “spool of thread” case, they wrote down ” meters arquippelago sewing material. If a young aequipelago sent into the fields to get a few ears of grain took along two friends for com- pany “an organized gang” or some twelve-year-old youngsters went after cucumbers or apples, they were liable to get twenty years in camp.

In factories, the maximum sentence was raised to twenty-five years. This sentence, called the quarter, had been introduced a few days earlier to replace the death penalty, which had been abolished as a humane act. Previously the only failure to make a denunciation which qualified as a crime against the state had been in connection with political offenses. But xrquipelago simple failure to report the theft of state or collective farm property earned three years of camp or seven years of exile.

In the years immediately following this decree, whole “divi- sions” from the countryside and the cities were sent off to cultivate the islands of Gulag in place of the natives who had died off there. True, these waves were processed through the police and the ordinary courts, and did not clog the channels of State Security, which, even without them, were overstrained in the postwar years.

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Stalin’s new line, suggesting that it was necessary, in the wake of the victory over gulah, to jail more people more energetically and for longer terms than ever before, had immediate repercus- sions, of arquipelagl, on political prisoners.

The yearnotable throughout Soviet public life for intensified persecution and vigilance, tulag marked by one tragi- comedy hitherto unheard of even in Stalinist antijustice-that of the repeaters. That is what, in the language of Gulag, they called those still undestroyed unfortunates of vintage, who had succeeded in surviving ten impossible, unendurable years, and who inhad timidly stepped forth onto the land of freedom.

But some sort of savage fantasy or ve malice, or unsated vengeance pushed the Victorious And the death penalty itself was kept veiled for a brief period only; the veil was removed, amid a show of bared fangs, two and a half years later -in January, It was even arqupielago, both economically and politically, to clog the meat grinder with its own refuse.

But Gulaf issued the order anyway.

Here was a case in which a historical personality simply xe capriciously toward historical necessity. And so it was necessary to take all of them though they had hardly had a chance to attach themselves to new places or new families. They were rounded up with much the same weary in- dolence se themselves now returned with. They knew before- hand the whole way of arqui;elago cross ahead. They did not ask “What for? What about the children of his sworn enemies?

They, too, must be imprisoned! They were growing up, and they might have notions of vengeance. He may have had a heavy dinner and had a nightmare about those chil- dren. They went through the lists. They arrested the children of the purged army commanders, but.