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By Rodney Decker: a fine page on the Bauer, Arndt, Gingrich, Danker Greek- English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. The book A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, Walter Bauer is published by University of Chicago Press. Bauer’s Lexicon is among the most highly respected dictionaries of Biblical Greek . In the fall of , F. Wilbur Gingrich was granted a leave of absence from Testament, was commonly known as BAGD (Bauer–Arndt–Gingrich–Danker).

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A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (2nd Edition)

There are many different lexicons bi-lingual dictionaries of ancient Greek. Some focus on a specific author s ; some focus on a specific time period; others focus on a gingrch type of literature. The NT Greek student has a wide range of both internet and for-purchase lexicons which are available. This listing lists both for-purchase and for-free lexicons.

To get the supplement, one must purchase either the print edition of LSJ from Oxford or a greei resource such as Logos Bible Software. A note of caution about the Perseus LSJ. Not all forms which are valid Greek word forms gibgrich listed. If a certain word form is not found, the Perseus database will return “No entry found”.

This does not mean that the queried word is invalid or ill-formed. It is just not in the present Perseus list of extant gingric. In one of the most remarkable and useful developments on the internet, the Perseus Site has made available a resource that is in many ways better than the printed version, for here one can often access the web-versions of the texts to which one is referred by the Lexicon.

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The strengths of this implementation are continual updates, a one-click stop-shop approach retreiving links to four different lexicons all in one window. Word frequencies and possible parsings are also available. The old Perseus cgi-bin site and its tools can be found here: The old site is not long for this world.

The University of Chicago site implements the data from the Perseus.

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Tufts site on a different database platform. This platform is quicker, but a little more work for the user. It takes 3 clicks compared to 1 click on Perseus. Tufts to find any give form. In addition, the organization is a little more hidden. As of Julythis site has had a major update and is still fairly new – expect continual changes and improvements.


The advantages of the Perseus on Philologic is that 1 it is faster, 2 it is cleaner, 3 One can see a list of all Greek words by clicking on the name of the LSJ lexicon one a word is queried a hidden feature4 one can get a reverse English-Greek lookup.

This implementation of the Perseus LSJ lexicon is part of a downloadable and free-ware program called Diogenes. One does not need the TLG discs to use the Lexicons. The Duke papyri database and Packard texts are online and can be used with Diogenes; the TLG database is now only available by subscription. Once the program is downloaded and installed, select the option “Look up a word in the Dictionary” and query the Greek word or form for which you are looking.

This lecicon links words to the LSJ lexicon. At the current time, the LSJ lexicon is brought up by clicking on an specific word in any text. As of Augustthis program is still in Beta mode.

The Archimedes lexicon has several abililties which were not present in other utilities. One is the Next Word – and Previous Word links. For Archimdes LSJ, one must submit the word in betacode with the correct accents. It does accept lookups in unicode.

Lookups in betacode can be submitted missing the breathings or accents, but Archimdes will often show you the wrong entry.

Clicking on the next or previous entry usually takes you to the correct enty. Archimedes is great for cutting and pasting lexicon entries. Sophocles This lexicon from the late 19th century is the only secular Greek lexicon of the Hellenistic Dialect.

It is listed on Google Books but as of August has not been released. You must install a special font to see the Greek correctly. You can search or browse the lexicon and you can listen to the pronunciation of each word.

It is available on Google Books. The lexicon is only availabe in print or from one of the major Bible software companies. The list of domains along with their associated Greek words and English glosses can be found at laparola. There is an article by Vern S. Greek lexicography and translation: Comparing Bauer’s and Louw-Nida’s lexicons. This is the most important lexicon for the study of the New Testament.

It is only available by purchase either in print or from a major Bible software company. The latest edition is the 3rd edition published in Enter the number, and the gloss with a list of cross references is availalbe. None of the English lexicons are in the public domain.


For over years, Scheussner’s lexicon was the only lexicon of the LXX. It is a Latin-Greek lexicon. Schleussner’s main goal was to find the Hebrew word from which the Greek was translated. Schleussner’s 3 volumes can be found on Google Books, internet archive and other places. Google novus thesaurus philologico-criticus sive to find the appropriate volume. Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint.

American Bible Society This is the most popular lexicon of the Greek LXX. It is not as complete with forms as is Muraoka, but approaches the LXX as “translation Greek” with an eye on the Hebrew source. It is available at all major Bible Software sights and many booksellers.

It focuses on what a Greek who does not know Hebrew would think the lexidon means. The University of Chicago has provided page images of this book which is searchable by entering an English term or part ginfrich a word.

Edwards hreek edition, ; reprinted Scanned by the Tim Spalding for AncientLibrary. The page images of the text are searchable through a lookup entry box.

One is able to do reverse lookups on the University of Chicago LSJ lexicon by navigating to the LSJ Dictionary page, and then entering an English word under the “Search the full text of the dictionary” box. That box accepts both Greek and English words. A hidden feature is that when one retreives a set of entries, one can click on the red title “A Greek-English Lexicon” which will then bring up an alphabetical Greek word list. The only one I know of on the web. There are 85 pages in all; by changing the page number in the querystring, you can navigate the word list.

The lexicon is comprised of both a list of similar words and a complementary lexicon with references, citations and explanations. The book was initially designed for use for Bible translators.

One must purchase Louw-Nida for full use. There are several implementations of this lexicon available on the internet. Quick links are provided here: Sophocles Lexicon of Hellenistic Greek.