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Traditionally assigned to Bharata, a legendary sage, Natya Shastra is one among the famous trio of India, the other two being Kautalya’s Artha. Natya was then taught by God Brahma to the mythic sage Bharata, who is said to have recorded this teaching in the Natyashastra. The origin of the book is thus. The Nātya Shastra (Nātyaśāstra नाट्य शास्त्र) of Bharata is the It is attributed to the muni (sage) Bharata and is believed to have been.

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According to Natyashastrastate Sally Banes and Andre Lepeck, drama is that art which accepts human beings are in different inner states when they arrive as audience, then through the art performed, it provides enjoyment to those wanting pleasure, solace to those in grief, calmness to those who are worried, energy to those who are brave, courage to those who are cowards, eroticism to those who want company, enjoyment to those who are rich, knowledge to those who are uneducated, wisdom to those who are educated.

The very appearance of the character should speak volumes to the audience. The specifications provided in the Natyashastra can be found in the depiction of arts in sculpture, in icons and friezes across India. Please try again later.

Natya Shastra

Natyathe art of theatre including dancewas the work of God Brahma, the creator, who was asked to give mankind a fifth Vedawhich, unlike the four earlier Vedas, could be understood by everyone, even those who did not know Sanskrit i. The Theory of Rasa The Natyashastra introduced the theory of bhava and rasaso central to Indian aesthetics. He prescribes specific make-up to everyone entering the stage. The conversion of a story into a dramatic plot is based on the single main element which ends the conflict, elaborated in its elements and conjunctions.


It is quite amazing to read about the place where orchestra and singers are to be seated. It lists not only the costumes, makeup, gestures, and body positions but also any plots considered unsuitable, and it is the most complete document of stagecraft ever compiled.

Natya Shastra – New World Encyclopedia

The Natyasastra describes the stage for performance arts as the sacred space for artists, and discusses the specifics of stage design, positioning the actors, the relative locations, movement on stage, entrance and exit, change in background, transition, objects displayed shasrta the stage, and such architectural shastr of a theatre; the text asserts that these aspects help the audience get absorbed in the drama as well as understand the message and the meaning being communicated.

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It may be the work of several authors, but scholars disagree. Johns Hopkins University Press.

Teaching Dance as Art in Education. Ritual and Music in Hindu Tradition.

It is considered the defining treatise of Indian Classical Music until the thirteenth century, when the stream bifurcated into Hindustani classical music in North India and Pakistanand Carnatic classical music in South India. Art, music, literature, sports and leisure Credited. Where the eye goes, there the mood follows. Thus Brahma created the Natya Vedawith the assistance of other gods.

It is love or hate at first sight. The concept of beauty in Indian tradition is, therefore, conceived and presented as the experience of delight at a higher level of consciousness. Audience play a major role in any play, avers Bharata.


The text contains a set of precepts on the writing and performance of dance, music and theater, and while it primarily deals with stagecraft, it has influenced Indian musicdance, sculpture, painting and literature as well.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Her Bahrat, Her Faith: With the arrival of the British our Indian theatres underwent a dramatic change.

Traditionally these terms are used to indicate the style of dance, i. Credit is bhzrat under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Part of a series on Hindu scriptures and texts Shruti Smriti Vedas. The spectator’s concentrated absorption and appreciation is success.

An often used example is the creation of rasa of love on the stage. Voltaire, one of the greatest of all French shasyra. The Natya Shastra discusses a wide range of topics, from issues of literary construction, to the structure of the stage or mandapa, to a detailed analysis of musical scales and movements murchhanasshadtra an analysis of dance forms that considers several categories of body movements, and their effect on the viewer.