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BURUSHASKI (Burúśaski), language spoken by the Burúśo (sing. Burúśin) in Hunza-Karakorum, North Pakistan, containing some Iranian loanwords of various . Known to its speakers as mišāski or ‘my language’, Burushaski is mainly spoken in the Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin valleys situated in the Gilgit- Baltistan (formerly. The picturesque valleys of northern Pakistan are the cradles of many strange languages and cultures. The languages spoken here — virtually.

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There are two oanguage varieties of Burushaski: The grammatical structure of Burushaski is reminiscent both of that of the Caucasian languages and that of Basque today spoken only in southwestern France and northern Spainhowever, it has not yet been possible to prove genetic relationship either with these or any other languages.


Text VolumeCorpus Inscr. Burushaski contains numerous words borrowed from neighboring languages at various times. Today, Urdu and English loanwords find their way into Burushaski at an increasing rate.

There is a large number of Iranian loanwords, mostly borrowed from Persian Dari via Urdu, cf. Older speakers still pronounce many Persian loanwords with phonetic changes that go beyond regular sound substitution, e.

BURUSHASKI – Encyclopaedia Iranica

About gurushaski dozen words have been borrowed from Wakhi, which is spoken by a minority in the northern part of the Hunza valley, e.

Borrowing from other Iranian languages took place sporadically see Morgenstierne apud Lorimer, p. In some cases the exact source cannot be determined: XXIV, and see H.

Bailey in Orientalia J. Berger, Das Yasin-Burushaski Werchikwar.

Introduction and GrammarII: Texts and TranslationsIII: Vocabularies and IndexInstituttet for sammenlignende kulturforskning, serie B: Morgenstierne, preface to Lorimer, I. Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online.


If you enter several tags, separate with buurshaski. Topic select a topic December 15, Last Updated: December 15, This article is available in print.

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