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Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.

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A sequential sampling technique for surveys of eggs laid by the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Plant sugars are often considered as primary feeding stimuli, involved among the compounds that induce the host plant acceptance by herbivorous insects [ 7677 buwseola. Observations on the host plant adaptation of Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: Insect pests of sorghum in Ethiopia.

Concerning the natural enemy hypothesis, in field trials in Cameroon and Benin, mixed cropping systems yielded considerably higher parasitism of B. Cereal Stem Fysca in Africa: Eggs are laid in a long column stretching up the stem, under a leaf sheath.

Improving soil fertility can thus be a very effective means of an integrated control strategy for B.

Busseola fusca (Fuller)

Please leave a message, we will get back you shortly. Screening and breeding for resistance to Busseola fusca. In addition, the ovipositor bears about nine uniporous chemosensory sensilla i. The head capsule is dark brown and buseola prothorax is yellowish-brown.

Composition of stem borer communities in selected vegetation mosaics in Kenya. Sorghum insect pests in West Africa. It was recently shown that sucrose is a feeding stimulant and positively influences food choice by B. More recently, it has been shown that B.


Hence, it appears important to protect wild habitats surrounding maize fields. The hind wings are white to grey-brown. Management aspects that relate to insect-plant interactions are however addressed below.

Busseola fusca (Fuller) – Maize Stalk Borer

busweola Bulletin of Entomological Research 96, — The first and second flights are separated by a distinct period in December during which no moths occur.

Results from van Rensburg and colleagues [ 25 ] indicate that a single moth lays 7—8 egg batches, an observation supported by Ingram [ 27 ], and Kruger and colleagues [ 18 ] under laboratory conditions.

Noctuidae on an artificial diet. Noctuidae on Napier grasses Pennisetum spp. When fully grown the caterpillars are up to 40 mm long. Similarly, in East Africa B. Like most websites we use cookies.

Plant volatiles are used by the busweola females for host plant finding. Thereby, the female typically sweeps her ovipositor on the plant surface as if evaluating the suitability of the plant, simultaneously touching it with the tips of her antennae, and then, if the plant is accepted, oviposition takes place.

Biological cycle of Busseola fusca under optimal environmental conditions on artificial diet photos on mating and oviposition from [ 42 ]. Distribution and occurrence of the stem-borer Chilo partellus Swinhoe Lepidoptera: Stalk borer caterpillar in the stem. A study using isozyme variation revealed a significant geographic differentiation between populations collected at Lake Victoria and Trans Nzoia in Kenya.

African maize stalk borer (Busseola fusca)

Appropriate disposal of crop residues after harvest can reduce carry-over populations of diapause larvae and so limit initial establishment of the pest on the following season’s crops. When the attack is severe, the shoot may turn yellow and die. Colonization of cultivated and wild graminaceous host plants by Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: An example with Busseola fusca. The host plant preference and selection of oviposition site are determined by adults involving the females while larvae are responsible busseol colonization and feeding.


Genetics The genetic variation in B. Distribution and species composition of cereal stemborers in the Eastern Zone fusda Tanzania.

Can’t read busseoka image? Agriculture and Environment, 2 1: Datasheet Busseola fusca African maize stalk borer. Eggs are creamy-white when laid but darken just before emergence. Distribution maps of pests. The efficacy of plant-derived pesticides is largely demonstrated not only in grain storage insects see [ ] for review but also to control various insect species by the widely used extracts from the Indian neem tree, Azadirachta indica A.

Insect Science and its Application, 23 3: They are about 0.

Ecology and management of maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: The larva of the African maize stalkborer has no obvious hairs or markings and the hooks crochets on its prolegs are arranged in a linear pattern — characteristics that distinguish it from the larva of the spotted stemborer Chilo partellus and the sugarcane borer Eldana saccharina. Busseola fusca has also been reported to infest P. Moreover, it is the most relevant and economic method of bussdola borer control available for resource-poor farmers in Africa [ ].

Economic importance, Taxonomy, Natural enemies and Control. The biology and ecology of Busseola fusca and Sesamia species in south-western Nigeria during Busseila. Sets of eggs were kept at Cookies on Plantwise Knowledge Bank Like most websites we use cookies.