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-Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Cèdula d’habitabilitat Certificat energètic

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In this regard, I will focus in this third example in the way the PP —Partido Popular— main right-wing hxbitabilitat party of Spain has been approaching the 27 decreg of Roma migration in those municipalities in the last years. Therefore, even if I have some knowledge about the situation in other areas and some of my conclusions may also be valid for them there might be some differences between my perception and what happens in other concrete contexts of Spain.

Settlement policies and the imaginaries about nomadism and mobility As I already said, Romanian Roma in Barcelona are not newcomers and have been in the same area with more or less stability for some years.

What is a ‘cèdula’, and should I rent a flat without one? | The Barcelona Instruction Manual

January of implies a new change in the entrance requirements for the Romanian citizens in Spain, which also affects the Roma settlement processes. In a second period, starting inthere is a clear increase of the presence, probably attracted also by a growing irregular market and certain possibilities of regularization compared to other European countries Recretp.

This implied a complex situation, in which a job permission was still necessary for being an 8 employee, but not for self-employment while residence was perfectly legal.

The East European Gyspies. On the other hand, it is necessary to point out a reduced number of articles in specialized magazines and communications to scientific events. Abriendo surcos en la tierra.

Contreras, Ana, et al.

On the other hand, I am mostly using ethnographic data and other sources of information regarding some mass media and political parties, but not always offering the full picture by including decrwt other relevant actors such as Roma organizations, NGOs and neighbourhood associations.

Gitanos procedents de l’europa de l’est a Catalunya. Public Practices and Family Strategies in the area of Granada.

Escala (element constructiu)

El Periodico, 7 of February Other neighbour from the block explained that the urine smell in the stair is impossible to stand and all the habktabilitat refuse to clean it On the other hand, there are also some programs, generally based in NGOs, which are the main part of the specific actions made around Romanian Roma people.

Mugak, 43 [Online] Accessible in: Both have to do, among other factors, with the political sign of the government: Numbers represent the ordin in which places were used. In any case, neither the combination of these strategies of subsistence is the same in different moments, nor do they have the same grade of acceptance or social rejection. To summarize, and even if those figures have probably been and still are higher habitabllitat also that some of the Romanian Roma are quite invisible and follow patterns closer to the general Romanian population they surely do not exceed few thousands in Barcelona.

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Essai sur le Racisme et ses Doubles. The previous one was an extreme case, but it is also coherent with the great mobility that exists among the population in a more precarious situation that usually lives in flats, although in these cases the reasons are not generally police evictions but the lack of economic resources and of an accessible and stable housing.

Finally, it is important to point out that although there were other research contexts aside from Barcelona including a short fieldwork in RomaniaI have conducted research just in one territory of Spain. Romani migration in the post-communist era: Romani Immigrants in Spain.

I would say this makes even more clear that local contexts matter, encouraging the need for social sciences to stress in comparison of the actual practices and discourses. In this sense, there exists an important diversity regarding the origin countries of Roma population present in the Spanish state, although a majority comes from Romania. In any case, some of these activities increased with the previous irregular situation and the previously mentioned moratorium influenced in a decisive way in the use of submerged and marginal occupations.

This percentage is probably superior, considering our own ethnographic experience in origin towns and the bias in the statistical data. However, some precisions have decreg be made: Regarding methodology, this paper is based both in the conclusions of a long-term ethnographic fieldwork and a media analysis on the representations about Romanian Roma migrants in decfet context of the study.

For example, summarizing the trajectory of a family during six months we observed 12 displacements and successive settlements that took place between five different municipalities.

Official Journal of the European Union. Habitabilifat consequence of the negotiations for the UE expansion, the visa to travel to any country of Schengen space from Romania was suppressed under certain conditions Peetersp. To summarize, although both the high vulnerability and the intervention difficulties are evident, the approaches to the Roma migrant population have not always been the most 203, not focused on the appropriate subjects or from the necessary knowledge of some basic aspects of their specific situation and characteristics.

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All of them have been equally present during fieldwork, but in this text I privileged the ones more present in the local context and with a clearer interrelation.

However, differences of status between them are clearly visible, as well as constantly stressed by the population itself. Los retos de la diversidad. Moreover, the three examples above are also strongly influenced by the hanitabilitat that there has been a clear evolution in the way this issue is constructed: They are the same problems of coexistence and security. This proportion is linked with different economic and demographic factors of those neighbourhoods, dscret previous processes of settlement an eviction, and others, such as the situation of the real-estate market in Spain and the possibility of some migrant populations 22 such as Pakistani to habitaiblitat mortgages with the purpose to hire.

The neighbours complain about noises at night, increasing dirt in common spaces and more thefts. Roma migrants; marginal jobs; public spaces; mobility. As their situation was not legal, the second case empadronamiento in substandard housing or public space applied here, but in practice, local social services quite never started the process of certifying presence of Roma settlements or overcrowded flats, or even delegated this task to the Police, resulting in evictions.

As in many other groups heterogeneity is a dominant characteristic: Regime change, Marginality, and Ethnopolitics. In any case, both the majority population and the political and media actors often tend to overestimate the presence of Romanian Roma people in Spain, even considering them as a majority among Romanian migrants.

To pose habigabilitat example, statements as the one below where not so present in the events of Reflexiones sobre la vida de los gitanos. In the current wave of budget and service cutting, some of them, such as health access, are being questioned. The fact is that, until now, and at least for the direct data from fieldwork and other indirect data, it has not.

The access of Romania and Bulgaria to the EU represented a new turning point: For instance, just to pose two examples from fieldwork: This implies four categories: Public space regulation and marginal habitabbilitat strategies 16 Marginal activities are one of the most visible labels linked with Romanian Roma in Barcelona.