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Epinephelus itajara. This large, solitary fish will defend its territory when threatened, with aggressive body language and a rumbling sound it. Learn more about the Atlantic goliath grouper – with amazing Atlantic goliath grouper videos, photos and facts on Arkive. The Atlantic goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also known as the jewfish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow.

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Territorial near it’s refuge cave or wreck where it may show a threat display with open mouth and quivering body. Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources eplnephelus need to survive.

Atlantic goliath grouper – Wikipedia

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Find out more Find out more about the Atlantic goliath grouper: Besides shelter, tidal pools provide E.

Home range The area occupied by an animal during routine activities, which is not actively defended. Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island Africa epinephe,us, chimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival.

FishBase – Epinephelus itajara February, http: In tidal pools juvenile E. Senegal to Congo reported as Epinephelus esonueRef. One-blotch grouper Epinephelus melanostigma. The fertilised eggs are scattered in the itajarz column and develop into kite-shaped larvae with long dorsal fin spines and pelvic fin spines 2 3. epinepheuls

Atlantic goliath grouper

We need to more than double the number of wild species plants, animals and fungi assessed Our new goal isspecies by MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to epineohelus members, allowing you to organize your favourite Arkive images and videos and share them with friends. Adults appear to occupy limited home ranges with little inter-reef movement.

Additionally, exceptions to the iyajara of protogyny within a species may be common. Share this image — Hide sharing options. This makes them particularly vulnerable to mass harvesting while breeding. Entered by Luna, Susan M. A taxon is Near Threatened NT when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically EndangeredEndangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.

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Main reference Upload your references References Coordinator: Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 – m Ref.

Traditionally, the species epinepheljs been caught primarily by hook and line, traps, and trawls. Historical exploitation of goliath grouper annual spawning aggregation sites greatly reduced the number of reproductive adults. Our new goal isspecies by Bases of the soft dorsal and anal fins are covered with scales and thick skin. The caudal fin is rounded.

Its home range appears limited and the fish produces a booming sound when threatened by divers or large sharks.

Atlantic goliath grouper videos, photos and facts – Epinephelus itajara | Arkive

It is territorial near areas of refuge such as caves, wrecks, and ledges, displaying an open mouth and quivering body to intruders. Size, Age, and Growth The goliath grouper is the largest grouper in the western Atlantic. Found on rock, coral, or mud bottoms Ref. Discrete populations of E. High to very high vulnerability 70 of However, this specimen was sampled from a population of individuals depressed by fishing pressure and it is projected that goliath grouper may live much longer, perhaps as much as 50 years.

Males begin breeding at four to six years and females mature at six to seven years. Photo courtesy National Marine Fisheries Service In support of the notion that the species is a protogynous hermaphrodite is the fact that the largest goliath groupers are invariably male.

Usually it is a mottled yellow-brown to grey with darker bard and spots, ideal for blending in to their rocky coral and muddy inshore habitat. It is a relatively easy prey for spear epinephleus because of the grouper’s inquisitive and generally fearless nature. Large adults of this species likely have very few natural predators. Large adults may be found in estuaries Ref.

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Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. A separate population of goliath groupers in the eastern Pacific Ocean has now been classified as a separate species, the Pacific goliath grouper Epinephelus quinquefasciatus 1.

Very large goliath grouper have been observed to stalk divers and even conduct unsuccessful ambushes of the same. Terms of Epienphelus – The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. Habitat Occurring in shallow, inshore waters to depths of feet 46 mthe goliath grouper prefers areas of rock, coral, jtajara mud bottoms.

The females release eggs while the males release sperm into the open offshore waters. Itajaar German ichthyologist M. They may reach extremely large sizes, growing to lengths up to 2. Territorial near it’s refuge cave or wreck where it may show a threat display with open mouth and quivering body.

Reproduction Many groupers are protogynous hermaphrodites — a condition in which individuals first mature as females only later to become males. Alphestes afer Alphestes immaculatus Alphestes multiguttatus.

The fish has excellent quality flesh and has been at risk of spear-fishing for recreation and sport itzjara 4. Growth declines to about 1. Atlantic goliath grouper threats The Atlantic goliath grouper is particularly prone to over-fishing because of its large size, slow growth rate, low reproductive rate and group spawning activity.

Pectoral fins In fish, the pair of fins that are found one on each side of the body just behind the gills. Juveniles are tawny-coloured with dark banding and blotching.