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Case number, IT/1-T. Decision title, Judgment. Decision date, 10 December Parties. The Prosecutor; Anto Furundžija. Categories, War crimes. Trial Chamber II found Furundžija guilty of torture and outrages upon personal The events giving rise to the case against Furundžija have occurred at the. Anto Furundzija (Trial Judgement) , available at: cases,ICTY, [accessed 27 December ].

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Furundžija (IT-95-17/1)

The Tribunal noted however there was a major discrepancy with regard to the criminalisation of forced oral penetration. It was created to detect and prosecute perpetrators of criminal offenses against humanity and international law, and offences recognised by the ICTY Statute, regardless of the nationality, citizenship, race or religion of the perpetrator and the victim, as long as the acts were committed on the territory of former Yugoslavia after 1 January For such an act to constitute torture, one of the parties thereto must be a public official or must, at any rate, act in a non-private capacity, e.

Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Casr on the above reasoning, the chamber found that the elements of torture had been met and found that the accused was a co-perpetrator of torture as a war crime count Octavien Ngenzi was born in in Rwanda.

The man had been badly beaten beforehand. Exclusively for the use of the media. Anto Furundzija was present during the whole incident and did nothing to stop or curtail the beatings or sexual violence. The Furundzija judgement then considered a definition of rape in international criminal law. During the interrogation, she was maintained in a state of forced nudity and obliged to submit to several sexual attacks: The trial chamber explicitly stated that it is indisputable that vurundzija and other serious sexual assaults in armed conflict entail the criminal liability of the perpetrators.

They focus on prosecuting furundzja ranking offenders. These further proceedings covered a period of four days and the trial was finally closed on 12 November The Statute does not elaborate how the furunezija is to be exercised, but it was asserted by the judges of the ICTY in the Rules of Procedure and Evidence.


The trial of Furundzija commenced on 8 June and the proceedings continued until 22 Juneat which time the hearing was closed with judgement reserved to a later date.

The trial chamber then laid down the following objective elements of rape para.

The rapes were also perpetrated with the purpose to humillitate the witness given that on many occassions there were other soldiers watching and another witness d who was furundzijq to have sex with her.

Khaled Nezzar was born on 25 December in Seriana, Algeria. This woman was then taken to another room and confronted with a Bosnian Croat who had assisted her family in the past.

Anto Furundzija – TRIAL International

The trial chamber then went on to state that not only the commission of rape or serious sexual assault, but also the planning, ordering or instigating of such acts, as well as aiding and abetting in the penetration, are prohibited. After outlining some previous treaties such as the Leiber Code, the Tribunal held that the prohibition against torture is a general rule of international law. It is conducting all outstanding first instance trials, including those of Karadzic, Mladic and Hadzic.

Witness A, the victim was repeatedly raped in front of him, or when he was just outside the door.

National courts also have jurisdiction to prosecute alleged perpetrators of serious violations of international humanitarian law. It found that there was a general trend in national legislation to broaden the definition of rape so that it now embraces acts which furjndzija previously classified as comparatively less serious offences, such as sexual or indecent assault. On 22 SeptemberAnto Furundzija was transferred to Finland to serve out the remainder of his sentence.

The International Criminal Court found Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo guilty of two crimes against humanity furundzijs and rape and three war crimes murder, rape, and pillaging committed in the territory of the Central African Republic between October He deserted the French Army in to join the National Mr Furundzija was a local commander of a special unit of military police of the Croatian Defence Council HVO known as the “Jokers”, in which capacity he, and another soldier, interrogated Witness A.


An appeal against this sentence was rejected.

Furundžija (IT/1) | International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

The judgement is a document of approximately pages, which this press release does not summarise. The Tribunal has concurrent jurisdiction with national courts. According to the summary of the judgement, the Trial Chamber found that under international criminal law the offence of rape comprises the following elements: Tito Barahira, was a mayor of Kabarondo Commune in Rwanda from to It is also to complete all appeals proceedings that were filed before 1 July The Tribunal also made the factual finding that the accused was the commander of the unit the boss and that he was an active combatant participating in expelling muslims from their homes.

The period in preventative detention was deducted from the prison sentence.

It also noted that in human rights law, the protection of physical integrity protects against rape and sexual abuse. The opening of the Special Chamber was on 9 March Skip to main content.

Anto Furundzija

Accordingly, the Trial Chamber determined that 11 months and 22 days will be deducted from the sentence today imposed on Fuurndzija, together with such additional time as he may serve pending the determination of any final appeal.

It found that although he had not perpetrated the rapes and sexual violence himself, he was party to it at all times, given that he and the soldier carried out different roles during the interrogation. Since its creation, the ICTY has indicted more than people, including heads of states and government members.

In this regard, the Trial Chamber found that the prohibition against torture has attained the status of jus cogenswhich can be defined as a peremptory norm of international law from which no derogation is permitted. She was detained and interrogated about a list of Croatian names and the activities of her sons.