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Em sua maioria, os gliomas de pineal são astrocitomas de baixo grau, sendo que o seu correspondente maligno, glioblastoma multiforme, é o mais comum e. Estudos relacionados à regulação do processo de apoptose em glioblastoma ( GBM), o glioma maligno mais comum, são poucos, e o melhor conhecimento da . Il gliosarcoma è una variante istologica del glioblastoma caratterizzata da una struttura tessutale bifasica, con aree che mostrano alternativamente.

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Study on aneuploidy and p53 mutations in astrocytonias. In all cases which survival time has been reported the prognosis had been poor. Einfoma primario del sistema nervoso centrale. LOH 34 — For instance, a young man with a homogeneous, round tumor probably has a germ cell tumor.

These proteins are homologous, and their enzymatic activity is malignp into two classes: How to cite this article. Several other potential tumor-suppressor gene candidates on chromosome 10q, such as DMBT1 deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 54 and the Myc antagonist Mxi1 1755have been proposed.

Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 expression in glioblastoma: an immunohistochemical study

This tumors include pineocytoma, which is composed of glioam mature pineal cells, and maljgno pineoblastoma, a more immature, poorly differentiated neoplasm. Growth factor receptors and cell-adhesion receptors typically rapidly activate focal adhesion kinase FAKa cytoplasmic nonreceptor tyrosine kinase.

In fact, the pineal region is the most common site of intracranial germinomas and teratomas. Promotion of malignant astrocytoma cell migration by osteopontin expressed in the normal brain: Here we review the mechanisms that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the gliomas and provide examples of the cooperative nature of the pathways involved, which may influence the initial therapeutic response and the potential for development of resistance.



Neurosurgical experience with tumours of the pineal region at Clinica Puerta de Hierro. Primary glioblastoma of the pineal makigno.

Glioblastoma multiforme of the pineal region. Studies related to the regulatory process of apoptosis in GBMs are few, and greater knowledge of the expression of these proteins is necessary to provide additional information to collaborate on new treatments planed on molecular basis in the near future The aim of this study was to evaluate, by immunohistochemistry, the protein expression of caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in GBMs. Another common genetic alteration in oligodendroglial tumors is downregulation of the tumor suppressor and lipid phosphatase PTEN gene.

Alterations of cell cycle regulatory genes in primary de novo and secondary glioblastomas. We present a patient with GBM of the pineal region emphasizing the imaging findings and the review of the literature reported cases.

These tumors tend to occur in a slightly older age group and occur evenly in males and females 6,7, Urokinase glio,a is increased in GBM tumors in vivo 96—and downregulation either of urokinase maliggno of its receptor the urokinase receptor inhibits glioma cell invasion Typically, there is increased expression of both the growth factor receptor and ligand in the tumor, again suggesting that an autocrine or paracrine loop that promotes signaling is ylioma place 1 — 4.

The WHO Classification of tumours of maligni central nervous system. Genetic pathways to glioblastoma: To evaluate the background reaction, procedures were also perfomed in sections incubated only with the secondary antibodies indirect technique or in the absence antibodies direct technique.


Targeting the c-Met pathway potentiates glioblastoma responses to gamma-radiation. Molecular genetic aspects of oligodendrogliomas including analysis by comparative genomic hybridization. The CT scan examination often showed hydrocephalus 8, 9,11, The caspases constitute a large family of proteins homologous with each other, enzymatic activity and that are activated in cells marked for death by apoptosis. Molecular mechanisms in gliomagenesis.

The evaluation of the behavior of other apoptotic proteins and anti-apoptotic related to their intrinsic and extrinsic pathway are necessary for better understanding the cellular mechanism in GBM. Pineal region tumors in children.

Tumor cells expressing markers of neural progenitor cells, which are able to self-renew and to differentiate, have been termed cancer stem cells Lyn kinase activity is the predominant cellular SRC kinase activity in glioblastoma tumor cells. Amplification and overexpression of the MDM2 gene in a subset of human malignant gliomas without p53 mutations. Mutational profile of the PTEN gene in primary human astrocytic tumors and cultivated xenografts.

Wen PY, Kesari S.

The origin of the tumors of this region can be the pineal gland itself, the posterior portion of gliomw third ventricle and the quadrigemina cistern. Immunohistochemical localization of caspase-3, caspase-9 and Bax in U87 glioblastoma xenografts.

Child Nerv Syst ;9: Many drugs have been utilized in multiple concurrent clinical trials.