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Articles from Hassan Zaoual Published on Cairn International. Journal articles. couverture de [NUMERO_TITRE_ABREGE] · Development, Organizations, and. View the profiles of people named Hassan Zaoual. Join Facebook to connect with Hassan Zaoual and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power . Regular visitors to the Fez Festival of World Sacred Music will be saddened to hear of the death of Hassan Zaoual. Hassan had been a guest at.

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It is inescapable if one wants to understand and assist the economy as a whole and business enterprises in particular. In the Zaouaal mentality, the economic sector is not divorced from the affairs of daily life, in particular social bonds.

For some, who warn against idealizing poverty, Africa will not be able to over come the challenge of effective development without recourse to universal values. The “purely” economic aims are mixed up inside other motivations, particularly that of the group.

THE VIEW FROM FEZ: Hassan Zaoual – dies in France

Learn more at Author Central. Failing to attract royalty and adhesion, it becomes a place of corruption and spoils patronage. On the one hand, the socio-cultural inherited from tradition yet transformed by contemporary pressures and, on the other, economic, financial and technical influences brought about by the penetration of market forces.

Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. This view point from Latin America may be useful to understand Africa’s popular economy. Africa, however, approaches neither money nor profit, nor market nor management in a strict mechanical fashion, which would be operating according to objective calculation and obeying the alleged universal rationality of homo-economicus. All kinds of cultural mixtures between Western and African culture, between modernity and tradition are found in the “formal” as much as in the “informal” sector.

Effectively, one observes the formalisation of the formal. One can be “reasonable without being rational” H. Africa is compelled to rationalise in a Weberian sense the economic activities and commercial enterprises, to embrace efficiency, calculability, the objective norms. Diversite des cultures et mondialisation: We are perhaps facing a new but lasting logic of production.

The recognition of this phenomenon should lead researchers and decision makers to give to the actors of the informal sector a positive status and full legitimacy S. Instead, these popular enterprises are organized by the subject who bring the labor factor, a boss who hires workers from the local community or a family or neo-lineage.


Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. The term “sector” implies the presence of a specific entity, stable and homogenous, that is not found as such in reality. Instead, it is a community organized around a certain meaning. Likewise, entrepreneurship cannot escape its cultural context. The failure during forty years of the politics of development has taught prudence with regard to the universalism of economic science and sociology and of development, which often has camouflaged crude Eurocentrism.

Indeed, social cohesion and solidarity seem to be the key factor in the stability and the economic efficiency of this type of business enterprise, the poor being the majority of participants. As opposed to formal local capitalism which remains fragile, and contrary to a stale which is domineering and exploitative, popular economy may be the breeding ground of a new African culture consisting of cultural cross-fertilization.

The enterprise cannot be reduced to a technical system. The popular economy is considered by some as the base of a new culture. It can even lead to a spirit of initiative and responsibility, train conscious and enterprising people, and constitute a catalyst of cultural revolution in the behaviour and mentalities facilitating the self-transformation of society Panhuys.

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The “informal sector” is not the kind of fix-it-yourself sector which constantly awaits legitimation or which finds itself in an indefinite period of transition F. The hybridization not only allows for the survival and occasional progress of millions of Africans, but also corrupts the “formal” character of official life, of “the great society” S.

Only the techniques, the financial and legal apparatus valued by Western models of management have been recognized and tought. The West elevated the economic sector into an autonomous sphere beginning in the eighteenth century.

For Luis Razeto, one should not take only capital and labor into account as economic factors. Its communitarian organization renders pride and sense to the African continent where cultural disarray and social commotion are rife. Contrary to what is the case in industrial capitalist enterprises, the organizing subject is not necessarily he who brings capital, for instance, a manager who hires workers.


The informal institutions are capable of functioning and, therefore, offer some hope M.

Hassan Zaoual – OpenEdition Books

This reference to the poor as actors underpins a number of analyses and, in particular, characterizes the interesting observations offered zaojal Luis Razeto on the popular economy of Chile. The qualifications of “informal” and “non-structural” apply to activities and enterprises displaying elements of formalization and structure, organization and hierarchy.

There also exist a “C factor” for cooperation, community, collaboration, a group of persons, a community. Taking a collective initiative, working together constitutes an economic factor by itself.

Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it haesan second life. Au-dela de l’economisme et du culturalisme French Edition. In this respect, technological and human capital serve as means toward this end.

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They appear to be the embryo of a sector different from the private or public statist sector, namely, a sector of labor and solidarity. The end product is a hybrid economy whose contemporary logic is an articulation of the capitalise mode with the non-capitalist, a blend of modernity with traditional means of operations H.

Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals. Another reason for which the term “informal sector” is inadequate is that there is no such thing as an informal sector separated from the formal sector. The practices of popular economy develop an entire gambit of ideas about solidarity which is not limited to business.

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Only 3 left in stock – order soon. They are not an object to be modernized. Formal enterprises often rest like a strange body, a western packet dropped in another “symbolic site”. It is zaouual for the Africans.

ahssan Both the economic sector and the entrepreneurial spirit are fundamentally embedded, according to the terminology of Karl Polanyi, reassessed by Serge Latouche and Hassan Zaoual, in the ethico-religious values, social behaviour and customs, in short, in the local culture.