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Hypomelanosis of Ito, also called incontinentia pigmenti achromians, is a rare birth . Although hypomelanosis of Ito syndrome is most commonly a de novo. Hypomelanosis of Ito (IH) or incontinentia pigmenti achromians (Mendelian Inheritance in .. Pascual-Castroviejo I, López-Rodriguez L, de la Cruz Medina M. La hipomelanosis de ito, es un síndrome neurocutáneo con un grado de despigmentación dérmica variable y alteraciones del neurodesarrollo.

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Introduction Hypomelanosis of Ito IH or incontinentia pigmenti achromians Mendelian Inheritance in Man, MIM is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome, first described by Ito in as a purely cutaneous disease with skin hypopigmentation [ 12 ]. Areas of abnormal skin pigmentation were first noted when he was six months old. Anterior eye chamber abnormalities like strabismus, nystagmus, exotropia, myopia, heterochromia of the irides, coloboma of iris, dacryostenosis, corneal asymmetry, pannus, cataract and pinpoint pupils, and microphthalmia are common while the posterior chamber abnormalities like pigementary changes in retina, retinal detachment, and small optic nerve or optic atrophy are less common.

hipomelanosis de Ito – English Translation – Word Magic Spanish-English Dictionary

While some patients suffer from generalized seizures that are well controlled hipomelanosix anticonvulasant therapy, many have severe, pharmaco-resistant focal seizures, and of those some patients may benefit from surgery [32 – 34]. When associated with hyperpigmented macules, neurofibromatosis types 1 or 2 see these termsand a homozygous state for mismatch repair genes should also be considered in the differential diagnosis.

The term hypomelanosis of Ito HI is applied to individuals with skin hypopigmentation along the lines of Blaschko. Insights into the pathogenesis of cerebral lesions in incontinentia pigmenti. hipomeoanosis

Single maxillary central incisor and hipomelanosiis in hypomelanosis of Ito. The white matter lesions of our patient presented as early as the first month of life, did not correlate in extension with the age of patients, and were static over time [ 6 ]. Alfred Blaschko [ 2829 ].


The neurologic aspects of hypomelanosis of Ito: Case report and review of the literature

Although his gross and fine motor milestones were achieved within the normal range, his cognitive and language development were noted to be slower compared with his siblings. In hypomelanosis of Ito, the brain magnetic resonance commonly revealed findings such as: Happle suggested that the second case of Hodgson et al. Also, HI has been associated with migration disorders such as polymicrogyria, hemimegaloencephaly, intracranial arteriovenous malformation and moyamoya disease [ 1920 ].

Treatment of the cutaneous lesions is not required.

Two, with unusual abnormalities of their toes, had a mixture of diploid and triploid cells in cultured skin fibroblasts. Brain single photon emission tomography scan SPECT revealed focal it of increased perfusion at the left occipital region, consistent with the EEG findings.

They concluded that most patients are chromosome mosaics and that HMI is a causally nonspecific marker for chromosome mosaicism in persons with sufficiently dark skin to show lighter patches.

Check this box if you wish to receive a copy of your message. In contrast, Fryburg et al fe 49 ] reported a child with normal intellect and non-neurologic manifestation, but with extensive white matter changes. Neurol Sci ; Journal of Hipomelanossis Neurology ; Mosaicism in human skin.

Histopathologically, there is a decreased number and size of melanosomes in the basal layer of the epidermis [ 5 — hipomelanosls ,14]. It is associated with decreased melanosome synthesis and the transfer of melanosome to hipomelannosis keratinocytes. Hypomelanosis of Ito in three cases with autism and autistic-like conditions. A number sign is used with this entry because of convincing evidence that hipomelanois of Ito does not represent a distinct entity but is rather a symptom of many different states of mosaicism Donnai et al.

Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. Skeletal defects include short stature, facial and limb asymmetry, tooth abnormalities, pectus carinatum or excavatumscoliosis, and finger anomalies. The red cell esterase D activity was normal. Involvement of the white matter in hypomelanosis of Ito incontinentia pigmenti achromiens.


He had d hair with whorl-like hypopigmented triangular area 10 x 18 cm in diameter, non- blanchable seen on the back extending from midline to lumbar region resembling Blaschko lines Figure 1 and another similar one, but with small size, seen at the right shoulder.

Familial hypomelanosis of Ito: Since the ring was very small, the finding suggests that the IP locus is juxtacentromeric, e. The hypopigmented areas of skin of our patient correspond to the Blaschko lines that was first described in by the German dermatologist.

They found in the literature at least 36 similar examples of the association between pigmentary anomalies and chromosomal mosaicism, as well as 5 examples of associated chimerism. Clinical Synopsis Toggle Dropdown. There are limited neuropathologic descriptions of HI in the literature hipomelanksis 16 — 18 ].

J Med Genet ; Quatre cas de maladie d’Ito familiale encephalopathie congenitale et dyschromie: BoxRiyadhSaudi Arabia, Fax: Other search option s Alphabetical list.

EEG and evoked potential studies. Mutation analysis on peripheral blood lymphocytes and on skin cultured fibroblasts from affected and unaffected skin areas in the child were unrevealing. The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only.

Other types of central nervous system lesions have been demonstrated by computed tomography or magnetic resonance hipmelanosis in isolated cases [ 5614 ]. At age 6 years, he had afebrile seizures consisting of frequent episodes of sudden dizziness, feeling of spinning, and abnormal sound in the left ear followed by weakness of the left leg that caused him to fall.

Metabolic screening including biotindase level was normal. They stated that nondermal involvement may help identify these individuals. Understanding the patterns and mechanisms. This leads to characterization of HI as a neurocutaneous disorder. Studies on hiomelanosis XI.