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theories of shoot apical meristem – Duration: bosons botany 5, views · 8: Why we choke under pressure — and how to avoid it | Sian. The following points highlight the top three theories of shoot apical meristem. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Tunica-Corpus. The following points highlight the top three theories of root apical meristem in plants. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Korper- Kappe.

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During growth the root changes in diameter. Answer Now and help others. The derivatives of dermatogen vary. Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.

Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. The cell divides by an asymmetric division; as theofy result a narrow and flat cell is formed. Other workers treat tunica in a very loose sense and regard that the inner layer s may divide periclinally.

Subscribe to America’s largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! The shoot apices of angiosperm exhibit cytohistological zonation in addition to tunica corpus zonation Fig. As a result the description of meristem becomes precise. So the apical cell theory was later superseded by histogen theory.

botany – Does the Histogen Theory apply to plant roots as well as stems? – Biology Stack Exchange

What made you want to look up histogen theory? Such differences can be traced from promeristem through continuous cell lineages to similar differences in the derivatives of promeristem.

This occurs in downwardly pointed roots. Later this theory was superseded by tunica- corpus theory because the zones are noncommittal. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes.


The cells that are in metaphase stage cannot complete chromosome movement due to the tehory of spindle mechanism but the other events of mitosis do continue.

This region occurs internal to dermatogen but peripheral to plerome. The two cells thus formed one has the capability of cell division.

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Cytologically two zones are recognized in the tunica though all cells exhibit the same anticlinal cell division. Have your cake and eat pie too.

So the initials of corpus are difficult to differentiate from the initials of tunica. Tunica is the peripheral tissue zone of shoot apex. The other three sides donate cells to form epidermis, cortex and vascular cylinder.

Tunica is characterized in having anticlinal plane of cell division, i.

histogen theory

It consists of cells that are several cell layers deep. To increase in thickness a tunica cell will have to undergo cell division with periclinal wall, i. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. If any inner layer s of tunica show periclinal division they are to be assigned to corpus. The daughter cells are parallel in arrangement, share a common wall and divide by transverse partition followed by longitudinal partition in one cell. Answer Now and help others. The independence regarding origin among different layers of tunica and between tunica and corpus is strongly supported with the results of investigation by the use of periclinal chimeras.

The side of apical cell that is directed upward is triangular or square in shape and forms a part of the outer surface of the shoot apex Fig. It has served well in understanding the structure of shoot apical meristem and the origin and development of leaf.


In Zea mays monocot dermatogen generates root cap only and this histogen is referred to as calyptrogen. Generally corpus is destined to give rise cortex and vascular tissue. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes.

histogen theory – Dictionary of botany

They are orderly arranged in contrast to haphazardly arranged cells in the mass thepry corpus. It is thought that plasmodesma controls the gene expression that leads to the formation of protoderm, ground meristem and provascular tissue. The central apical zone consists of one or few initial cells that are larger and contain large nuclei and vacuoles than the cells of the second zone.

In Datura the shoot apices were experimentally induced to develop cytochimera.

Anticlinal division is the characteristic of tunica whereas corpus exhibits both anticlinal and periclinal division. He’s making a quiz, and checking it twice According to my book, as well as this sitethe Histogen Theory is only used to model the development of the shoot stem apex. So to tgeory discrepancies the term mantle was proposed in a loose sense instead of tunica. In this type the meristem is composed of tunica and corpus. Composition of Sporopollenin in Spores and Pollen Plants.

In higher plants the apical cell theory was replaced by the concept that the different parts of a thwory body have independent origin.

Apical cell theory is confined to vascular histogwn only as the root apical meristem of flowering plants does not have a single apical cell.