Bibliography of the Writings of Karl Jaspers to Spring compiled by Kurt Rossman – – In Karl Jaspers & Paul Arthur Schilpp (eds.), The Philosophy of . Karl Jaspers (–) began his academic career working as a . his Psychologie der Weltanschauungen (Psychology of World Views). Karl Theodor Jaspers was a German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong In , at the age of 38, Jaspers turned from psychology to philosophy, expanding on themes he had developed in his psychiatric works.
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We are amazed into philosophy. Each volume of this book thus describes a particular way of being: Nonetheless, as a philosopher of transcendence, he was also clear that human truthfulness, or humanity more generally, cannot be conceived without a recuperation of religious interpretive approaches and without a recognition of the fact that the founding contents of philosophy are transcendent.
Jaspers once heard indirectly that there was a plan to deport him and his wife to a concentration camp in the middle of April Jaspers considered Weber to be the greatest man of his time — a true exemplar of scientific consciousness, humanitarianism, comprehensive learning and political courage.
Schilpp, Paul Arthur ed.
Other Internet Resources [Please contact the author with suggestions. The three volumes are consequently bound together by the argument that at the level of immediate objective knowledge—of orientation in the world—human consciousness raises subjective-existential questions about itself and the grounds of its truth which it cannot resolve at this level of consciousness, and it encounters antinomies which call it to reflect existentially upon itself and to elevate it to the level of existence or existentially committed self-reflection.
Karl Jaspers: Philosopher of Otherness | New Acropolis Library
Jaspers intuited that Kantian transcendentalism suppressed a deep-lying impulse for transcendence, and this aspect of Kant’s thought was badly neglected by interpreters who saw Kant’s philosophy as a doctrine of pure immanence or autonomy. Philosophy jumps out from the natural standpoint but remains tied to it. The explanations that are given for this are various. Request removal from index. In this early work, Jaspers introduced several concepts which assumed great importance for all his work.
The Psychology of Worldviews: Jaspers/Heidegger
And even after a brief sojourn worldbiews searching you notice that many people around you are asking the very same questions. Despite the at times envenomed relations between them, however, Heidegger and Jaspers are usually associated with each other as the two founding fathers of existential philosophy in Germany. As a young man, storming the gates, he thought that it was possible for a person to create himself entirely by will, with an intensity of being-toward-death which, in retrospect, matches a generation of young people throwing themselves into war, bringing death and living with death.
In contrast to contemporary neo-Kantian readings of Kant, which were prepared to acknowledge the ideal element in Kantian idealism only, at most, as a regulative framework, generated by reason’s own autonomous functions, Jaspers argued that Kantian philosophy always at once contains and suppresses a vision of experienced transcendence, and that the Kantian ideas should be viewed as challenges to reason to wordviews beyond the limits of its autonomy, towards new and more authentic contents, self-experiences and freedoms.
It is not just reaction. Jaspers is too often seen as the heir of Nietzsche and Kierkegaard to whom he is in many ways less close than to Kant Montmarquet – – American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 83 2: See delusion for further discussion.
Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 8.
Your email address will not be published. The first edition is the shortest.
This is an worldbiews consciousness that bears witness and asks hard questions in the face of less-than-human works by less-than-human human beings. Later the task seems to be to convert the worry machine into a listening device and start listening to Being.
It is worth noting that the appearance of the fourth edition of General Worlviews was enabled despite the publication ban to which Jaspers was subject since for his outspoken and uncompromising resistance to the Nazis regime and his persistent loyalty to his Jewish wife. In replacing the transcendental with the transcendent, however, Jaspers did not argue that transcendent contents are obtainable as positive elements of human knowledge.
The Philosophical Writings 5.
From onward, Jaspers read philosophy systematically. Neither respected Max Weber, whereas for Jaspers Weber was a defining figure. Instead, he has merely used concepts ,arl enshrined in the culture and current in the medical practice of the day without thoroughly thinking through the situations these concepts purport to describe.
Jaspers has hit upon the fundamental psychology of philosophy.
The human polity, he thus implied, is likely to be some kind psyychology democracy, based in some degree of publicly formed consensus. Jaspers looks around and sees the infinite whole of life and kael thinks that he can begin philosophical questioning from this basic experience. Though Jaspers was certainly indebted to Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, he also owes much to more ,arl philosophers, especially Kant and Plato. He saw this commerce as the kernel of everyday interactions. James Collins – – Modern Schoolman 49 4: Retrieved 22 October Jaspers lets himself think about a future in which this plurality was accepted, normalized, celebrated — not precluding argument, but containing it in a shared commitment to philosophy — a cultural teaching that itself may become part of an inherited conglomerate and thus become problematized by future philosophers.
If Weber was the first decisive personal influence and Kant was the first decisive philosophical influence on Jaspers, in the early s he encountered psycholpgy further figure who assumed a decisive role in his formation: Am I not responsible for myself and accountable for what I do? Similarly, he was insistent that the conditions of human freedom woeldviews not generated by human reason alone, but are experienced as incursions of transcendence in rational thought. Existentialism was, and remains, a highly diffuse theoretical movement, and it cannot be expected that two philosophers pssychology with this movement should hold similar views in all respects.
At the time when Bultmann first proposed this de-mythologizing approach Jaspers was widely although erroneously identified with the liberal wing of Protestant theology, and it was perhaps expected that he might declare sympathy for Bultmann’s hermeneutical approach.
Indeed, both neo-Kantians and phenomenological philosophers subjected his work to trenchant criticism in the pssychology stages of his philosophical trajectory, and members of both these camps, especially Rickert and Edmund Husserl, accused him of importing anthropological and experiential questions into philosophy and thus of contaminating philosophical analysis with contents properly pertaining to other disciplines. In the second and third editions, there were minor changes.
It is replying to something, mediated by the culture, but also transcending the culture. Lovitt with revisions by D. In Jaspers moved to the University of Basel in Switzerland.