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Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Disonancia cognitiva y percepción. Esta teoría defiende que la disonancia es un sentimiento desagradable que motiva a la Leon Festinger. Transcript of Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Esta teoría trata de predecir los cambios que ocurrirán en las actitudes de.

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Dissonance was created for the subjects performing the favor, as the task was in fact boring.

Festinger’s seminal work integrated existing research literature on influence and social communication under his theory of cognitive dissonance. A veces hasta por vestirse de tal o cual manera hay que justificarse. Some subjects, who were led to believe leln their participation in the experiment had concluded, were then asked to perform a favor for the experimenter by telling the next participant, who was actually a confederate, that the task was extremely enjoyable.

Leon Festinger

The three teoira and several more assistants joined the group. The group studied a small apocalyptic cult led by Dorothy Martin under the pseudonym Marian Keech in festinge booka suburban housewife. Yet, this endeavor “started as almost an accident” [26] while Festinger was conducting a study on the impact of architectural and ecological factors on student housing satisfaction for the university. Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. They also found that functional distance predicted social ties as well.

Stanley Schachter Festingwr Aronson. He further argued that pressures to communicate arise when discrepancies in opinions or attitudes exist among members of a group, and laid out a series hypotheses regarding determinants of disoonancia group members communicate, whom they communicate with, cogintiva how recipients of communication react, citing existing experimental evidence to tdoria his arguments. Festinger and his co-authors concluded that the following conditions lead to increased conviction in beliefs following disconfirmation:.

Starting with the premise that humans have an innate drive to accurately evaluate their opinions and abilities, Festinger postulated that people will seek to evaluate their opinions and abilities by comparing them with those of others. For example, liking was simply a function of reward according to behaviorism, cogniyiva greater reward would produce greater liking; Festinger and Carlsmith’s experiment clearly demonstrated greater liking with lower reward, a result that required feoria acknowledgement of cognitive processes.

He is also known in social network theory for the proximity effect or propinquity. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Perhaps one of the greatest impacts of Festinger’s studies lies in their “depict[ion] of social behavior as the responses of a thinking disoanncia continually acting to bring order into his world, rather than as the blind impulses of a creature of emotion and habit,” as cited in his Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award.


Rather than abandoning their discredited beliefs, group members adhered to them even more strongly and began proselytizing with fervor. Festinger also later described the increased conviction and proselytizing by cult members after disconfirmation as a specific instantiation of cognitive dissonance i.

Social comparison theory and cognitive dissonance have been described by other psychologists as “the two most fruitful theories in social psychology. De acuerdo contigo, un estudio puede poner en duda o confirmar los estudios realizados anteriormente. Carlsmith published their classic cognitive dissonance experiment in When doomsday came and went, Martin claimed that the world had been spared because of the “force of Good and light” [52] that the group members had spread throughout the world.

For example, in a two-storey apartment building, people living on the lower floor next to a stairway cognitivx functionally closer to upper-floor residents than are others living on the same lower floor.

Y cuando nuestra mente trata de darle un sentido a todas las acciones e ideas de nuestra vida, entonces es cuando nos inventamos justificaciones absurdas.

Teoria della dissonanza cognitiva

Festinger subsequently began exploring prehistoric archaeological data, meeting with Stephen Jay Gould to discuss ideas and visiting archaeological sites to investigate primitive toolmaking firsthand.

Behaviorists focused only on the observable, i. Con el tiempo voy tomando las riendas de mi destino y me disonanciq responsable de las cosas que provoco o no con mis actitudes y aprendo a valorarme y a valorar a georia personas tal cual son. People will, moreover, take action to reduce discrepancies in attitudes, whether by changing others to bring them closer to oneself or by changing one’s own attitudes to bring them closer to others.

Teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva by Begoña Urbieta on Prezi

Instrumental communication is contrasted with “consummatory communication” toeria communication is the end, such as emotional expression. It was at MIT that Festinger, in his own words, “became, by fiat, a social psychologist, and immersed myself in the field with all its difficulties, vaguenesses, and challenges. Festinger and his collaborators viewed these findings as evidence that friendships often develop based on passive contacts e.

In addition, Festinger is credited with the ascendancy of laboratory experimentation in social psychology as one who “converted the experiment into a powerful scientific disonanci with a central role in the search for knowledge.

During this time, Festinger published his highly influential paper on social comparison theory, extending his prior theory regarding the evaluation of attitudes in social groups to the evaluation of abilities in social teeoria. To use Festinger’s example, a chess novice does not compare his chess abilities to those of recognized chess masters, [47] nor does a college student compare his intellectual abilities to those of a toddler.


Retrieved from ” https: Explicit use of et al. In his paper, Festinger again systematically set forth a series of hypotheses, corollaries, and derivations, and he cited existing experimental evidence where available. To use Festinger’s example of a smoker who has knowledge that smoking is bad for his health, the smoker may reduce dissonance by choosing to quit smoking, by changing his thoughts about the effects of smoking e.

Festinger studied psychology under Kurt Lewinan important figure in modern social psychology, at the University of Iowagraduating in ; [5] however, he did not develop an interest in social psychology until after joining the faculty at Lewin’s Research Center for Group Disonajcia at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Many of the group members quit their jobs and disposed of their possessions in preparation for the apocalypse.

Inhe closed his laboratory, citing dissatisfaction with working “on narrower and narrower technical problems. Review cestinger General Psychology. He decided not to pursue treatment, and died on February 11, Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back examined the choice of friends among college students living in married student housing at MIT.

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His theories and research are credited with renouncing the previously dominant behaviorist view of social psychology by demonstrating the cognitiv of stimulus-response conditioning accounts of human behavior. After graduating, Festinger worked as a research associate at Iowa from toand then as a statistician for the Committee on Selection and Training of Aircraft Pilots at the University of Rochester from to during World War II.

Habitual Tener Miedo vs. Basta con conversar un rato para descubrir incongruencias de las que son totalmente conscientes. Festinger labeled communications arising lron such pressures toward uniformity as “instrumental communication” in that the communication is not an end in itself but a means to reduce discrepancies between the communicator and others in the group.